DRY MACULAR DEGENERATION

DRY MACULAR DEGENERATION is a chronic eye disease that causes vision loss in the center of your field of vision.

It is a deterioration of an area of the retina- the macula- responsible for sharp, central, color vision.

Dry macular degeneration may affect one or both eyes. If only one eye is affected, individuals may not notice any changes in their vision because their healthy eye may compensate for the affected one.

Dry macular degeneration is one of two types of age-related macular degeneration. The other type is wet macular degeneration
( click here for more information on Wet Macular Degeneration)

Dry macular degeneration may worsen individuals’ quality of life by causing blurred central vision or a blind spot in their central vision.

dry macular

Symptoms usually develop gradually. The following are characteristic of Dry Macular Degeneration:

  • The need for brighter light when doing close work, such as reading
  • Difficulty adapting to low light levels (such as when entering a dimly lit area)
  • Blurriness of printed words
  • A decrease in the intensity or brightness of colors
  • Difficulty recognizing faces
  • Increase in the haziness of the central or overall vision
  • A blurred or blind spot in the center of the field of vision
  • In case of advanced macular degeneration: distortions of geometric shapes, objects or people

While there is no clear cause for dry macular degeneration, current studies have established that low macular pigment density is a major risk factor* .

Risk Factors that may increase your risk of macular degeneration include:

  • Age- Especially after age 50. However, macular degeneration is most common in people older than 65-
  • Family history of macular degeneration- 1 in 5 families affected
  • Genetic predisposition-Inflammatory response by the immune system in retinal tissue increases the risk of neovascular proliferation and bleeding
  • Low Macular Pigment Density- Macular protective pigment declines with age and smoking, leaving retinal tissue vulnerable to damage by oxidative stress from reactive oxygen species (free radicals).
  • Ethnicity- More common in individuals of northern European descent and light complexion
  • Smoking- current smokers are at 2-6 times the risk; quitting smoking reduces risk
  • Obesity
  • Diet
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Elevated cholesterol

Complications: Progression to wet macular degeneration or geographic atrophy

As published in peer reviewed scientific journals of ophthalmology, MacuHealth improves visual performance and mitigates the risk of low macular pigment density

click here to find a doctor near you if you are at risk or have developed one or more of the symptoms outlined above



* Nothing in this article is to be construed as medical advice, nor is it intended to replace the recommendations of a medical professional. For specific questions, please see your eye care practitioner.