WET MACULAR DEGENERATION

WET MACULAR DEGENERATION is an advanced form of chronic eye disease causing loss of sight in the center of your field of vision.

wet macular

*Wet AMD is the result of abnormal blood vessels leaking fluid or blood into the area of the retina- the macula- responsible for sharp, central, colour vision.

Wet macular degeneration is one of two types of advanced age-related macular degeneration. The other type, known as Geographic Atrophy, is an advanced form of Dry Macular Degeneration. Click here for information of Dry Macular Degeneration)

Symptoms for Wet Macular Degeneration tend to appear and progress rapidly. These may include:

  • Decreased intensity or brightness of colors
  • A blurry spot or blind spot in your field of vision
  • Decreased central vision
  • Visual distortions -lines appearing wavy or crooked, objects looking lopsided, or appearing smaller or farther away than they are in actuality-
  • Abrupt onset and rapid worsening
  • In cases of advanced macular degeneration: distortion of geometric shapes or objects

While some researchers believe there is no clear cause for wet macular degeneration, current studies have established that low macular pigment density is a major risk factor* . Though doctors cannot predict who will develop wet macular degeneration, this condition tends to develop in patients who have progression of dry macular degeneration.

Risk Factors for Wet Macular Degeneration include:

  • Age- Especially after age 50. However, macular degeneration is most common in people older than 65-
  • Family history of macular degeneration- 1 in 5 families affected
  • Genetic predisposition-Inflammatory response by the immune system in retinal tissue increases the risk of neovascular proliferation and bleeding
  • Low Macular Pigment Density- Macular protective pigment declines with age and smoking, leaving retinal tissue vulnerable to damage by oxidative stress from reactive oxygen species (free radicals).
  • Ethnicity- More common in individuals of northern European descent and light complexion
  • Smoking- current smokers are at 2-6 times the risk; quitting smoking reduces risk-
  • Obesity
  • Diet
  • High blood pressure
  • Cardiovascular disease

Wet macular degeneration can develop in different ways. [1]

Early detection and treatment of wet macular degeneration with injections of anti-VEGF into the eye may help reduce vision loss and, in some instances, improve vision.

As published in peer reviewed scientific journals of ophthalmology, MacuHealth improves visual performance and mitigates the risk of low macular pigment density

Click Here for a link to published research data

Click here to find a doctor near you if you are at risk or have developed one or more of the symptoms outlined above


* Nothing in this article is to be construed as medical advice, nor is it intended to replace the recommendations of a medical professional. For specific questions, please see your eye care practitioner.


  • [1]Vision loss caused by abnormal blood vessel growth. Wet macular degeneration may develop when abnormal new blood vessels grow from the choroid — the layer of blood vessels between the retina and the outer, firm coat of the eye, called the sclera — under and into the macular portion of the retina. This condition is called choroidal neovascularization. 
These abnormal vessels may leak fluid or blood between the choroid and macula. The fluid interferes with the retina's function and causes your central vision to distort or blur. The result is, when you look straight ahead, images are wavy or crooked, and blank spots block out part of your field of vision.